Simple way to leverage browser caching in WordPress using .htaccess


Not much to tell, you can use the code bellow and paste to the top of your .htaccess

## EXPIRES CACHING ##

ExpiresActive On
ExpiresByType image/jpg “access 1 year”
ExpiresByType image/jpeg “access 1 year”
ExpiresByType image/gif “access 1 year”
ExpiresByType image/png “access 1 year”
ExpiresByType text/css “access 1 month”
ExpiresByType application/pdf “access 1 month”
ExpiresByType text/x-javascript “access 1 month”
ExpiresByType application/x-shockwave-flash “access 1 month”
ExpiresByType image/x-icon “access 1 year”
ExpiresDefault “access 2 days”

## EXPIRES CACHING ##

 

A bit of explanations:

Example:

ExpiresDefault “access plus 2 months”

This sets the expiry date of the file 2 months into the future from the current time. The following values can be used to specify the time period:

  • years
  • months
  • weeks
  • days
  • hours
  • minutes
  • seconds

eg. ExpiresDefault “access plus 14 days”

To add expires header to the image, CSS, javascript files add the following to your .htaccess file
#Expire Header
<FilesMatch "\.(ico|jpg|jpeg|png|gif|js|css|swf)$">
ExpiresDefault "access plus 2 hours"
</FilesMatch>

or
# Expire images header
ExpiresActive On
ExpiresDefault A0
ExpiresByType image/gif A2592000
ExpiresByType image/png A2592000
ExpiresByType image/jpg A2592000
ExpiresByType image/jpeg A2592000
ExpiresByType image/ico A2592000
ExpiresByType text/css A2592000
ExpiresByType text/javascript A2592000

A2592000 means 1 month in the future (60*60*24*30=2592000)

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